Archive for the ‘Featured articles’ Category

At the very beginning, it should be stated that Functional endoscopic sinus surgery, shortly called as FESS has become the technique of choice in most of the operations in ENT OT, especially in surgeries of nose and paranasal sinuses. So, in this introduction note by Pgblaster, we have given stress upon the basic endoscopic anatomy of lateral nasal wall, more specifically calling, the “Osteomeatal complex” with highest priority.



We have also discussed the following important aspects of FESS:

  1. Indications of FESS,
  2. Steps of FESS,
  3. Pathologic basis of FESS,
  4. Basic endoscopic anatomy of osteomeatal complex,
  5. Importance of basal lamella as an important structure in the anatomy of lateral nasal wall,
  6. Types of anatomical variation in the insertion of uncinate process and their importance,
  7. Common and uncommon complications of FESS,
  8. Link to the best videos on the web describing various steps of FESS,
  9. Details about all the pre-operative and post-operative things you must know about FESS,
  10.  Minor precautions you should keep in mind in the time of surgery.

Hope this document will help PG aspirants because it is a brand new topic and frequent questions may be asked from this topic in upcoming years. Thank you.



tracheostomy vs endotracheal intubation

This note from the factory of Pgblaster will give the undergraduate medical students a deep overview on various techniques of local anaesthesia used in everyday ophthalmology OT. Every step is demonstrated with clear pictures and where needed, with conceptual anatomic review of the structures essential for understanding of the local anesthesia giving procedure.


This note has covered a broad area of all the important aspects of this topic including:

1. Regional anatomy important for understanding of the topic,

2. Most preferred local anaesthetics in today’s ophthalmology OTs and their mechanism of action,

3. A detailed technical review about the all the techniques used in local anaesthesia in ophthalmology:

a. Peribulbar block,

b. Retrobulbar block,

c. Parabulbar/ sub tenon block,

d. Facial block (s): Van lint and O’ brien’s techniques,

e. Frontal block.

Hope this document will help the undergraduate medical students who are studying ophthalmology right now. Thanks in advance for downloading.


AFP surveillance

Posted: November 28, 2013 in Featured articles

Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance is an important topic in community medicine not only because it is a common question asked in university examinations and postgraduate entrance examinations, but also because it is now the leading strategy for elimination of polio in India.


India, after completing a 2 years of “0 reported case of polio”, is in the final 3rd year to complete with o case status to achieve an elimination of polio from the country. That is the basis of importance of this topic in current PG entrance examinations.

I have not gone into the finest details of this hot topic, but I had tried to cover all the important, and especially examination oriented aspects of AFP surveillance. I have used the latest field guidelines of 2005 provided by Government of INDIA along with many internet sources to make this articles. Comprising only of 11 pages, I think this will be a useful stuff for all of you.

AFP surveillance


When I started making the presentations on the topic “Disorders of ocular motility”, I just knew that it was going to be a tough job because it is one of the most complex chapters in ophthalmology and to make a document on it which will be comprehensive, easy to understand and easy to remember was definitely one of the most challenging things I had done yet.


So, I couldn’t make this presentation a single one; but I had to divide in 7 volumes (You may kill me after finishing it reading). But I have to reemphasize upon the complexity of this chapter. I think, this least should be known to every undergraduate medical students after they complete the course.

Please comment on this post…. because afterall, it is one of the toughest jobs I have done in recent times. Thank you. Keep sharing.

Diseases Of Ocular Motility With An Emphasis On Squint (Combined PDF Format)


I was working on these boring yet essential stuffs for examination purpose from some days before. I have just completed making 1st edition of these. There may be some mistakes; if you identify any, please email me at

Thank you.

Hope these will be helpful to you.


ENT Instruments